Jon F Elliott
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions can be produced directly by an entity’s own facilities and activities, and also by activities within their supply chains (also called “value chains”) including suppliers and transporters of materials. For a typical manufacturing-based corporation up to 60% of their total GHG emissions result from activities such as processing, packaging, and transportation; this can be as high as 80% for retailers.
The Greenhouse Gas Auditing of Supply Chains guide is designed to assist users in evaluating their environmental compliance with GHG reporting standards. The baseline global standards are issued by the Greenhouse Gas Protocol project under the auspices of World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). Other entities use these standards to develop their own for further understanding of, and regulatory compliance with, the GHG Protocol provisions. This facilitates the users’ ability to respond to a wide variety of requests for this information. These include supply chain reporting mechanisms internally or as promulgated by specific multinational corporations such as Wal-Mart, IBM and Proctor and Gamble. In addition, entities are increasingly subject to evaluation by investors, financial institutions, customers and other stakeholders, who use these survey responses as a basis for purchasing and investment decisions.
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