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Site Auditing: Environmental Assessment of Property

Item Id: SAO1
Since 1980 when the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) introduced punitive legislation, potential environmental liability associated with contaminated property became a matter of utmost concern to parties involved in real estate transactions. Environmental assessments of property became critical to a transaction process.

Subsequently, environmental assessments of property have been used at operating facilities, abandoned lands, and Brownfields sites to determine property conditions for continued use and reuse. Most recently, as a prerequisite for certain buildings to obtain their LEED® rating, the United States Green Building Council (USGBC) has required environmental assessments of property to be conducted that conform to American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Standards.

Site Auditing: Environmental Assessment of Property provides purchasers, lenders, bankers, investors, landlords, tenants, sellers, environmental consultants, architects and attorneys involved in USGBC LEED® projects, with the information to help them understand the environmental liabilities associated with contaminated properties, and to evaluate the opportunities to limit such liabilities through all appropriate inquiry.

In addition, Site Auditing: Environmental Assessment of Property is a valuable resource for those conducting site assessments to ascertain the environmental conditions of property for any regulatory or business purpose.

See below for Benefits, Topic Areas, Features and Other Formats.

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  • Describes the background, history, and evolution of all appropriate inquiries and the site assessment process
  • Identifies practical steps in performing assessments, referencing EPA’s AAI regulations at 40 CFR § 312 and the ASTM standards for conducting Phase I (E 1527-05) and Phase II (E 1903-11) assessments
  • Provides guidance and information on conducting assessments beyond Phase II, together with Do’s and Don’ts checklists and case studies
  • Incorporates the principals of green and sustainable remediation into the site assessment process, referencing EPA, SURF, ITSC, and state-related program guidance
  • Helps users avoid the potentially huge costs associated with liability for cleanup by conducting proper site assessments
  • National in scope, but also includes general information on conducting assessments under state programs, including listings and websites for state cleanup programs
  • Cross-references the USGBC Rating systems requiring ASTM Phase 1 Standard as a prerequisite, or allowing the use of ASTM Phase II standards to obtain credits
  •  Includes a broad array of useful supplementary materials

Topic Areas

  • CERCLA and due diligence
  • RCRA Corrective Action RFI/CMS
  • The Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Act
  • Green and  sustainable remediation principles for site investigation
  • Environmental site assessment (EPA AAI and ASTM Phase I and Phase II
  • Insurance industry's liability for financing Superfund mandated hazardous waste cleanup costs
  • Consultant liabilities
  • Radioactive materials
  • Eminent domain
  • Environmental insurance


Three-Phase GuidanceCovers Phase I: Environmental Site Assessment, Phase II: Site Investigation, and Phase III: Site Characterization—CERCLA RI/FS and RCRA RFI/CM
Extensive CoverageDetails the process for conducting all appropriate inquiries; the EPA’s Superfund Redevelopment Program and Brownfields Initiative; and federal and state mechanisms such as grants, pilot projects, and tax incentives that expand the scope of the guide to cover reuse options
ChecklistsProvides detailed dos-and-don’ts checklists for each phase
GraphicsIncludes flow diagrams
ReferencesIncorporates Internet references to current information

Other Formats

Loose-leaf paper format may also be available for some publications. Contact us or call 1-800-251-0381 for inquiries.
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